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The symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes vary in some ways and are similar in others. Gestational diabetes and pre-diabetes may differ from Type 1 and Type 2. Diagnosis is not always straightforward. What are the right tests that your primary care physician should be doing? What should you be looking for?
  1. Types of Diabetes
  2. Diabetes Risk Factors
  3. Complications
  4. Diagnosis of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

There are two main types of full-blown diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes are completely unable to produce insulin. People with type 2 diabetes can produce insulin, but their cells don't respond to it. Pre-diabetes means that the cells in your body are becoming resistant to insulin and your blood glucose levels are higher than they should be. Gestational diabetes appears in women with no previous history of diabetes, usually during the last half of pregnancy.

Diabetes Risk Factors

There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Some of them come from our family history and genetics, but some can be turned around to help reverse or prevent the disease.


Short-term complications of diabetes, such as hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, and ketoacidosis, can happen quickly. Patients need to be aware of their signs and symptoms and what to do to reverse them. Long-term complications, such as heart disease, kidney disease, and neuropathy, can seriously compromise a patient with diabetes.

Diagnosis of Diabetes

Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes can be difficult. Often symptoms are subtle and go unnoticed. Type 1 diabetes may have more dramatic symptoms but not always. Being aware of the symptoms of diabetes can help you seek treatment quickly if you notice that you are experiencing them. There are also simple blood tests that can be done in your doctor's office that can determine if you have diabetes.

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