1. Health

Diabetes 101

Diabetes overview explaining Type 1, Type 2, causes of diabetes, insulin resistance, insulin deficiency, blood sugar, blood glucose levels, and oral medications for control.
  1. Diabetes Research (32)
  2. Glossary of Terms (67)
  3. Related Endocrine Disorders (2)

Signs and Symptoms of Early Diabetes
View a detailed list of signs and symptoms of early diabetes. It can take years for type 2 diabetes to develop into what is considered a full-blown disease. Damage can be done to the body even before a diagnosis can be made. It is important to know and recognize early diabetes symptoms as soon as possible to gain control of this disease and...

Fructosamine Test
If you have type 2 diabetes, you may be familiar with the A1c test, which measures your average blood glucose levels over two or three months. Did you know that there is another test used to track blood glucose levels over time? The fructosamine test is not as well known as the A1c test, but it is also used to measure overall blood glucose levels.

Type 2 Diabetes Early Warning Signs
Although 24 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes, it's estimated that 5.7 million people have the disease but have not been diagnosed. Type 2 diabetes doesn't always have clear symptoms, and often isn't diagnosed until found accidently during a physical or check-up. Is it really symptomless or are there early warning signs that can sound the alarm?

Three Key Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
There are 24 million people with type 2 diabetes in the U.S. today. What causes type 2 diabetes? There are several factors that can put you at risk. Knowing what these risks are can help you prevent or reduce your chances of being diagnosed with diabetes.

What to Know About Reactive Hypoglycemia
Reactive hypoglycemia occurs in people who do not have diabetes. It's a different type of hypoglycemia than the one that affects people who have diabetes. Although the causes are unrelated, the symptoms of both kinds of hypoglycemia are the same.

What is Diabetes?
There are two main types of diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes are completely unable to produce insulin. People with Type 2 diabetes can produce insulin, but their cells don't respond to it. In either case, the glucose can't move into the cells and blood glucose levels can become high. Over time, these high glucose levels can cause serious complications.

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease of the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. The pancreas can no longer make the insulin necessary to transport sugar from the blood into the other cells of the body for energy. Sugar builds up in the blood and over time can damage internal organs and blood vessels.

Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes affects nearly 21 million Americans. 90% to 95% of all people diagnosed with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 affects the body's ability to use the insulin that is produced.

After a Diabetes Diagnosis
Having diabetes is like being in charge of a many-armed octopus. There isn't just one way of coping with the disease because it's managed on a lot of different levels. At first, it might seem like an overwhelming amount of information is thrown at you.

Diagnosed With Diabetes? Dont Panic
The person diagnosed with diabetes faces many challenges concerning Type of diabetes, medications, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, nutrition concerns, equipment such as glucometers, syringes, insulin pumps, and managing their own care.

Ethnic and Genetic Risk Factors for Diabetes
There are controllable risk factors associated with diabetes, including obesity and an inactive lifestyle. However, other uncontrollable risk factors, such as ethnicity and genetics, also play roles.

Waking Up With High Glucose Levels?
You wake up in the morning and check your blood sugar before breakfast. And it's high. Higher than it usually is in the morning. What's going on? It could be one of two causes.

Insulin and Diabetes
Most people never think about their pancreas. It just does it's thing, pumping insulin into the blood when glucose is too high and glucagon when the glucose is too low. A person is diagnosed with diabetes when their pancreas either doesn't produce any insulin at all or the insulin they do produce is ineffective. There are two main types of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2

Type 1 Diabetes Care Guide
A person diagnosed with diabetes can still live a healthy and meaningful life. This guide from A.D.A.M. Healthcare Center can help put all the information into perspective and supplement your care.

Type 2 Diabetes Care Guide
Over 21 million Americans have diabetes. When symptoms are not controlled, heart disease, kidney failure, infections, blindness and other serious health problems can occur. The Type 2 Diabetes Care Guide provides guidelines to follow to help you manage your diabetes effectively.

Becoming Educated with Diabetes
Knowledge is power when it comes to diabetes. Learn the three areas of diabetes management including "survival skills," managing at home, and improving your of lifestyle.

La Diabetes y los Latinos
La diabetes es un problema urgente de salud en la comunidad latina. Con tasas dos veces más altas que las de los no latinos, es crítico ofrecer información a la comunidad latina sobre la gravedad de la enfermedad, sus factores de riesgo y las formas para controlar la diabetes, retrasarla o prevenirla, en el caso de aquellos que están en alto riesgo. (American Diabetes Association)

Peripheral Edema and Diabetes
Peripheral edema is the collection of fluid in the feet, ankles, and legs. Peripheral edema can be caused by diabetes-related complications as well as being a complicating factor. Read about the causes, signs, symptoms and what to do about it.

Diabetes and Surgery: Post-Op Concerns
Get all your bases covered by being prepared for the risks associated with diabetes and surgery. People with Type 2 diabetes needing an operation have a higher chance for complications.There is a potential domino effect where one complication can lead to another or series of others. Know what to watch for in regards to diabetes and surgery.

Overview of Diabetes Treatments - Type 2 Diabetes
Get information on Type 2 diabetes treatments including diet and exercise, self-monitoring, oral medications, injected medications, insulin pumps, continuous glucose monitoring and more. Useful information about diabetes treatments to keep you well-informed.

November Is for Diabetes Awareness
Diabetes Awareness - November Is for Diabetes Awareness

Is There a Cure for Diabetes?
Is there is cure for diabetes? Books, websites, and products claim to offer cures.

Is There a Type 2 Diabetes Natural Cure?
Is there a type 2 diabetes natural cure? Alternative treatments have been used since ancient times. Do any actually work?

About Insulin Resistance
Insulin resistance basics, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, tests, and treatments. Learn about this condition, which is a factor or component of other metabolic diseases.

Signs of Low Blood Sugar and Type 2 Diabetes
Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is not just a worry for people with type 1 diabetes. People with type 2 should also know the signs of low blood sugar. Do you know what to look for?

Hypoglycemia Unawareness and Type 2 Diabetes
Hypoglycemia unawareness is a dangerous condition where blood sugar levels get too low but there are no symptoms or signs. The good news is that you can reduce the risk of this happening.

Rule of 15 to Treat Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can take you by surprise and be a scary experience. Your best bet is to have a plan of action ready ahead of time. Learn about the Rule of 15 and how it can help you treat hypoglycemia calmly and systematically.

20 Interesting Facts About Diabetes
Are you ever at a loss to come up with interesting type 2 diabetes trivia? Read 20 interesting facts about diabetes and amaze your diabetic friends.

Diabetes and Sex – Male Dysfunction
Male dysfunction can be an embarrassing result of diabetes and sex, leading to frustration and relationship problems. Learn how to lower your risk for problems and how to improve your sexual function when you have diabetes.

Diabetes and Urination
Diabetes and urination problems often occur together. Here is a list of common urinary problems when you have type 2 diabetes, their treatments, and why they are so common.

Diabetes and Sex - Female Dysfunction
Diabetes and sex are known to cause issues for men. Women experience similar issues but the causes of female dysfunction and what to do about it are not as well known.

How a Diabetes Food Diary Can Help You
Do you know what a diabetes food diary is? Do you know how it can help you? Learn how a diabetes food diary can help perfect your diabetes management.

What Are Diabetic Socks and Do I Need Them?
Have you heard of diabetic socks and is it necessary to buy them? Learn about the best socks for diabetics.

Hyperinsulinemia and Diabetes
You may have heard of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), but have you heard of hyperinsulinemia? If you have type 2 diabetes, there is a good chance you have the condition and deal with it daily.

What is Sugar Diabetes?
Here is an answer to the question "what is sugar diabetes?" Do you know what this is or have you wondered why people use this term? This question has nagged me for a while, so I found the answer.

Insulin Sensitivity
Learn about insulin sensitivity and how it relates to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Get tips on how to increase your body's sensitivity to insulin.

How Insulin Works in the Body
Have you ever wondered how insulin works in the body? Learn the basic mechanics of how insulin is supposed to work and what happens when the body is resistant to it.

Get the Most Out of Diabetes Test Strips
Those tiny little diabetes test strips are pricey. Most of us don't have extra cash lying around, so we need to learn how to take care of our test strips so that we don't end up throwing money down the drain.

What Causes High Triglycerides in Diabetes?
High triglycerides and diabetes seem to go together like peanut butter and jelly. If you find yourself dealing with these two issues, you are not alone. Take a moment to learn what causes high triglycerides in diabetes.

Certified Diabetes Educators

Is it Worth it To Quit Smoking?

Diabetes Etiquette
Diabetes etiquette - what not to say to someone with type 2 diabetes.

You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.

We comply with the HONcode standard
for trustworthy health
information: verify here.