However, you may qualify for Social Security disability benefits if you can prove you have diabetes, have been complying with treatment and meet their definition of severe neuropathy, acidosis, or retinopathy. You also need to show you cannot perform basic physical and/or mental work activities needed to perform most jobs.
If you don't fit the above definitions but have a disability that prevents you from participating in substantial gainful activity, diabetes will be taken into consideration when evaluating your case.
Disability Due to Diabetes with Neuropathy
A person may be considered disabled if they have diabetes with neuropathy in two extremities that makes necessary movements difficult or they have had difficulty standing and walking for at least a year or more.
Disability Due to Diabetes with Acidosis
Consideration is also given for having diabetes with episodes of acidosis (also known as ketoacidosis) about once every two months documented with appropriate laboratory tests. Blood glucose is usually higher than 250 mg/dL in keotacidosis and often requires hospitalization. People with brittle diabetes often qualify under this section.
Disability Due to Diabetes Retinopathy
Disability may be considered for substantial loss of visual acuity, peripheral vision or visual efficiency.
Other Disability Considerations
Diabetes combined with other complications or impairments that make it hard to peform a job can be considered--such as kidney disease, heart disease or an amputation.
Disability in Children with Diabetes
It is not common for children to become disabled due to diabetes, particularly with the above complications that more often occur in adults who have had diabetes for a long time. They may qualify if they are under 18 years, insulin-dependant and have had many recent hospitalizations with acidosis or hypoglycemia. A child with diabetes might also be considered disabled if they have a severe growth impairment or impaired renal function.
What We Mean by Disability. Social Security Administration. Accessed May 25, 2010 http://www.ssa.gov/pgm/links_disability.htm