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Updated June 26, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.


A nephrologist is a doctor who specializes in kidney health and kidney disease. A nephrologist can diagnose and treat kidney failure, and can help people in kidney failure by prescribing medications, offering special diet advice, and coordinating dialysis care when the time comes.

People with diabetes may have long-term complications that involve kidney disease and eventual failure. A nephrologist is an important member to add to your personal healthcare team, if you have symptoms of kidney disease.

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