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Diet and Exercise Can Turn Pre-Diabetes Around

By April 25, 2007

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People diagnosed with pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance) can reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by losing just 5 to 7 percent of their body weight and exercising regularly, according to a clinical study by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

The study, "The Diabetes Prevention Program," (DPP) took place in 2002, and looked at whether a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in people who had pre-diabetes could be prevented or delayed either by diet and exercise changes or by taking an oral diabetes medication.

The results of the DPP study showed that a 5- to 7-percent weight loss reduced the risk of developing diabetes by 58 percent in the lifestyle intervention group. The group that received metformin had a 31 percent lower occurrence of type 2 diabetes.

Of the over 21 million people in the U.S. who have diabetes, 95 percent have type 2. Obesity is one of the major risk factors for type 2. People who are obese have five times the risk of diabetes than those who are a normal weight. Other risk factors include a sedentary lifestyle, family history and ethnicity.

Photo by Julia Freeman

Comments
April 26, 2007 at 10:51 am
(1) andrew fawcett says:

never mind pre-diabetes. i was diagnosed in 1997 and went on to insulin in 2003. in the past 8 months i have lost 20kg (44 lb) and have done swimming, walking or gym almost every day. i have also adhered to a low GI diet. i have not injected any fast acting insulin at all for the past 6 weeks, although i still do the Glargene nightly. i would have never believed exercise and diet would have so much effect!

June 24, 2008 at 3:24 pm
(2) Carol says:

I have discovered that the link to “The Diabetes Prevention Program,” (DPP) http://www.niddk.nih.gov/welcome/releases/02-06-02.htm
referred to above generates this message: “We are sorry, but the page you requested was not found”. Perhaps the information is no longer considered current or has been moved to another location?

June 24, 2008 at 8:17 pm
(3) diabetes says:

Thanks, Carol. I fixed the link. You should be able to access it now.

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