From Elizabeth Woolley, former About.com Guide
Good nutrition is a key element of managing diabetes. What, when, and how much you eat all influence your blood sugar.
- Meal Plans for Diabetes Management
- Quick Facts to Know about Eating and Diabetes
- Carbohydrates and Diabetes FAQs
There are six classes of oral drugs that are used to manage most type 2 diabetes patients: sulfonylureas, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, meglitinides, and DPP-4 inhibitors. Each of these classes of drugs works in different ways to help maintain good glucose control.
Insulin is necessary when treating type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas stops making insulin. People with type 1 need to inject insulin to keep their blood glucose from soaring out of control. Insulin is also used for type 2 diabetes, if oral medications are not enough to keep blood glucose levels in a normal range.
Diabetes is one of the most common causes of kidney disease. What's the connection? Learning the signs of kidney disease can help you connect with treatment options earlier on.