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Diabetic Snack Ideas

How To Snack Smart and Still Stick to Your Meal Plan

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Updated July 09, 2010

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Diabetic meal plans are not "one size fits all". Some diabetics will have snacks built into their meal plans on the recommendation of their medical team, or based on their personal food preferences. But even if snacks are not a part of your meal plan, there are still times that you'll need to make smart snacking decisions.

I divide diabetic snack ideas into 3 categories:

  • unscheduled between-meal snacks (that won't blow your meal plan)
  • planned snacks that are a part of your meal plan
  • emergency hypoglycemia snacks

Unscheduled Between Meal Snacks

If you find that you're getting hungry regularly between meals, talk to your doctor or dietitian. You may need to have adjustments made to your meal plan. But for occasional between-meal hunger attacks, reach for a low-calorie, non-carbohydrate based snack.

These examples will help to curb your hunger without completely blowing your meal plan or spiking your blood sugar:

  • Free Foods: If it's cold, try a cup of hot tea or low-sodium chicken broth. If it's hot, try a cup of sugar-free jello or seeing if a glass of water or a cold sugar-free beverage will hold you over until your next meal. (You'll be surprised by how the liquid can make you feel full.)
  • Under 100 calories: 2 fat-free mozzarella cheese sticks, 3 oz low sodium turkey breast rolled into snacking sticks, or one hard-boiled egg sprinkled with pepper
  • Under 200 calories: 1/4 cup unsalted nuts, or celery with 2 tablespoons of low-fat peanut butter

Planned Snacks - Part of Your Meal Plan

Your meal plan will tell you how many servings of carbohydrate, protein or fats you should have for your snack. The best meal plan snacks usually combine lean proteins or healthy fats with 15 to 30 grams of high-fiber carbohydrates such as fruit, vegetables and whole grains. This combination of nutrients slows digestion and causes a more gradual rise and fall in blood sugar.

Snacks containing one carbohydrate choice (about 15 grams of carbohydrate):
  • 1 medium apple with 1 tablespoon of low-fat peanut butter
  • 18 small pretzel twists with 1 ounce of low-fat cheese
  • 3 cups of low-fat microwave popcorn and 6 to 10 unsalted nuts
  • 1 cup baby carrots, red pepper slices, or raw green beans with 1/4 cup of hummus
  • 6 oz carton of light yogurt
  • 6 low-fat, whole wheat crackers with 1 ounce of low-fat cheese
  • 1 graham cracker with 1 tablespoon of low-fat peanut butter
Snacks containing two carbohydrate choices (about 30 grams of carbohydrate):
  • 1 cup of high-fiber whole-wheat cereal with 1/2 cup skim milk
  • 1/2 turkey and low-fat cheese sandwich with one serving of fresh fruit
  • 1 low-fat but high-fiber granola or cereal bar
  • 6 oz carton of light yogurt mixed with 1/2 cup whole-grain cereal
  • 1/2 cup of sugar-free pudding and 2 vanilla wafers
  • 1/4 cup dried fruit and 6 to 10 unsalted nuts
  • 8 oz low-fat chocolate milk

Emergency Hypoglycemia "Snacks"

You should always have carbohydrate-based emergency snacks on hand for when you feel oncoming symptoms of hypoglycemia. Unlike meal plan snacks, emergency snacks should be free of protein and fat to allow the quickest absorption of glucose. An initial emergency dose of glucose to treat hypoglycemia is usually 10 to 15 grams. That can be found in:

  • Four lifesavers
  • 4 teaspoons of sugar
  • 1/2 can of regular soda or juice
Remember, the key here is not feeling full but getting your blood sugar back to normal.

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