Although a person with type 2 diabetes is primarily concerned with regulating their blood sugar, a secondary concern is often adjusting the diet to lower the risk of cardiovascular problems. One of the benefits of walnuts is that a relatively small amount of walnut intake a day (about 1-2 ounces) has been shown to improve some cardiovascular markers in people with diabetes -- most notably, improved cholesterol levels.
Walnuts are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids. Numerous studies have shown that the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids include reducing inflammation and providing a level of protection from chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer and arthritis. Once again, people with diabetes often have high triglycerides and low HDL levels. Omega-3 fatty acids can help lower triglycerides and raise HDL, so eating walnuts or foods high in omega-3s may help people with diabetes.
A quarter cup of walnuts provides about 165 calories, 3.8 grams of protein, 3.4 grams of carbohydrate, 16 grams of fat, and 1.7 grams of fiber. Walnuts are also good sources of copper, manganese, vitamin B1 and vitamin B6.
So toss them on a salad, chop them up and throw them in a pilaf, or chop them even finer and mix them in with the breadcrumbs you'll use to bread your chicken or fish. Walnuts will give you a pleasant crunch, followed by a heart-healthy omega-3 punch!
American Diabetes Association: www.diabetes.org
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